Pet Love

Different Ways to Treat Hyperthyroidism in Cats

The thyroid glands are overproducing thyroid hormones, which causes hyperthyroidism. It is the most prevalent hormonal disorder in cats. Even though it is curable, it may make your cat unpleasant. Weight loss, increased frequency of urination, diarrhea, vomiting, hyperactivity, irritability, and aggression are all signs of hyperthyroidism.

The diagnosis comes from the discovery of various symptoms in the clinical setting, the possible presence of a palpable thyroid nodule, and the results of blood tests that test for thyroid function. The treatment options for hyperthyroidism in cats are extensive. Treatment options are based on the veterinarian’s expertise, the nature of the pet’s health condition, the cost, and the accessibility of radioiodine treatments.

Managing Cat Hyperthyroidism

For pet owners, discovering that their pet has hyperthyroidism is a bit of a shock. One of the first things pet owners must do is investigate the many therapies for their pet’s illness. This article will provide some of the methods of treatment, both traditional and novel, which are currently available for cats with hyperthyroidism.

1. Surgery

Treatment for hyperthyroidism often involves surgical excision of enlarged, independently functioning thyroid glands, especially when pet owners are concerned about the adverse effects of long-term oral treatment. Before surgery, cat owners will be thoroughly screened for any preexisting issues, including renal or cardiac disorders. 

Removal of thyroid glands in both glands is frequently needed in cats suffering from hyperthyroidism. Both glands are affected in more than 80% of cases. Many thyroidectomy procedures are being developed to decrease the risk of postoperative problems such as calcium depletion or the recurrence of hyperthyroidism.

After a surgical procedure, a ct scan for animals must be performed to know if the problem is already solved. If the scan shows positive results, you can be assured that your pet will recover from the ailment.

2. Medical Therapy

Methimazole, carbimazole, and Iodine-containing drugs are typical treatments for hyperthyroidism. Beta-blockers such as propranolol hydrochloride or similar medicines are commonly used along with these medical treatments. Methimazole is currently the most widely used drug for treating hyperthyroidism. 

Apart from being effective when consumed orally, the medication may also be used to treat the symptoms of hyperthyroidism. Vomiting, anorexia, liver disease, and hematological abnormalities are potential adverse reactions to this medication.

You may get your pet x-rayed in a facility once treatment is done. Your pet’s health may be evaluated by a professional veterinary radiologist to see whether it has progressed. You can learn more about it by reading blog posts online. 

3. Radioiodine Therapy

The most secure and safest treatment for hyperthyroidism seems to be radioactive Iodine therapy. Subcutaneous, intravenous, or oral administration of radioiodine are all options. Even while oral delivery appears to be effective, the dangers of exposure to those providing the drug and environmental pollution are not a good option. 

The chance to benefit from radioiodine therapy has risen dramatically over the past years. If you are a pet owner, you may find the cost of a treatment for hyperthyroid disease in cats; however, long-term medical care or surgery will be the same.

4. Ethanol Ablation

A novel, non-medically effective method to treat cat hyperthyroidism was to destroy thyroid nodules using alcohol. The procedure is performed by putting the animal completely sedated using ultrasound. The thyroid mass is instilled with ethanol, and the amounts of hormones that regulate the thyroid are monitored. 

The owners stated that their cat’s hyperthyroidism symptoms disappeared after a week of therapy. Hypothyroidism did not cause any problems in these cats; they didn’t need thyroid medications.

5. Heat Ablation

For cats with hyperthyroidism, a new therapy has been developed. Recent research has revealed that ultrasound-guided heating of hyperthyroidism was studied in nine cats. Even though the treatment effectively reduced the levels of thyroid hormone in every cat, the positive effects were observed for just four months, and hyperthyroidism recurred in all cats within 18 months of completing treatment.