The horse is, without a doubt, among the essential animals in the evolution of humans. The fact that veterinary medicine began in large part to treat the ailments of horses is proof of their significance. We are aware of various horse health issues, yet you’ll have to visit an expert in veterinary medicine to get them treated.
Horse owners should be aware of frequent illnesses of horses to protect their horses’ well-being. If you don’t have a good knowledge of equine ailments and their causes can result in your horse’s death.
This is detrimental to the animal; however, it can make it difficult for you to spend time with your horses. Numerous diseases affect horses. However, they can be prevented with vaccinations and good treatment.
Horses are immune-compliant, but they may get sick as any other animal. This is not a complete list; a handful of the most often reported horse diseases that all owners should know. In addition, it’s critical to be knowledgeable about a wide range of health issues.
1. Equine Colic
Colic is not a sickness exclusive to horses; however, it is one of these animals’ most prevalent and potentially fatal. It is incorrect to refer to colic as a distinct condition. Instead, it relates to diseases that all-cause spasmodic abdominal discomfort in horses.
Seeing a veterinarian as soon as your horse exhibits signs of colic is critical. They will conduct tests for diagnosing the root cause and commence the appropriate treatment. If a blockage creates the condition and an over-fermentation of the ingested substance, antibiotics are likely required. Contact a horse vet for more details.
2. Horse Tetanus
The bacteria are anaerobic, meaning that they can exist without oxygen. It is found in soil, especially organic-rich soil (such as manure). Various forms of trauma cause minor abrasions or cuts to horses.
Suppose it is caught before the toxins paralyze the respiratory muscles. The disease can be treated with antitoxin tetanus serum and penicillin. Counseling for support will be provided in addition.
It can be avoided by receiving the appropriate vaccinations recommended by the vet at regular intervals. The veterinarian will have to apply hydrogen peroxide to destroy the germs that caused the harm. In particular, the body parts that are in direct touch with the ground should pay attention to this. Contact your local veterinarian to learn more.
3. Equine Influenza (Or Horse Flu)
The virus that causes equine Influenza, similar to the human flu, affects those with respiratory problems. If there are any issues, the lower respiratory system may be affected, potentially meaning death. Snorting and nasal secretions can spread the infection through the air.
The veterinarian can prescribe a mucolytic for thinning the mucus if the animal is partially immunized and has only a little snot. The horse needs to be kept away from the other species for days. A good diet that supports an animal’s immune system will help them fight off the virus until they can defeat it.
A vaccination every year is necessary to safeguard horses from this common disease and is particularly important during winter. A vaccine for horses that defends against both equine and equine Influenza is available.
4. Equine Babesiosis or Piroplasmosis
Some of the more prevalent illnesses in horses are also present in cows, dogs, and domestic animals. Ticks are one of the most frequent equine parasites spread by Babesia. The disease’s symptoms are caused by their proliferation within the horse’s red blood cells.
The best way to stay clear of this illness is to keep your horse away from tick bites. Permethrin-based products can be applied to horses once every week to stop ticks from being attracted. Every week, the horse’s living space (box or the stable) is also required. Visit a veterinary website to get more information.