A Complete Guide to Common Eye Complications of In-Home Pets

Identical to mankind, a wide range of microorganisms can similarly attack and infect the oculars of animals, impairing their capability to catch sight of their surroundings. In fact, almost all human eye conditions can also develop in these species. These complications can progress into a more extreme case when repeatedly neglected. Prevent this from happening by gaining the specifics regarding the different optical diseases your in-home pet can potentially acquire.

Prevalent Eye Conditions Among Pets

Anterior Uveitis

The name of this difficulty speaks for itself. It pertains to the inflammation inside the eye, contaminating the encompassing structures of the oculars. It primarily affects the anterior uvea, where the iris and ciliary body are situated.

This disorder can cause cloudiness, redness, and squinting, thereby diminishing the eyesight of pets. When left untreated, this can advance into a disease called glaucoma. It is a condition calling for the expertise of a skilled animal ophthalmologist.

Basement Membrane Disease

Previously recognized as the Boxer Eye, this condition prevails amongst middle-aged and senior pets. When a companion animal has unexpectedly demonstrated manifestations of persistent pain and discomfort around the eye, this is the perfect time to arrange them for a visual examination.

The medical practitioner can establish an accurate prognosis with a comprehensive ophthalmic evaluation through a specialized veterinary apparatus. Suppose the procedure wraps up, revealing that the cornea’s epithelium is not correctly connected and corneal ulcers are formed. In this case, it is confirmation that your pet secured basement membrane disease.


Comparable to humans, the animal eye is naturally created with a white sclera acting as the base of the cornea and iris that varies amongst species. Assume the sclerotic layer unexpectedly overlaps the colored portion, making the ocular surface translucent. In this situation, your pet could be potentially diagnosed with cataracts.

When this comes about, there will be increased levels of cloudiness due to opacities around the lens. Consequently, this can block the light perception of pets, gradually decreasing their visual functionalities, in which surgical procedure is the only solution to address this condition. Unfortunately, this can progress aggressively, resulting in complete blindness when left untreated.

Ectopic Cilia

Ectopic refers to any form of growth that materializes in an abnormal position. On the other hand, cilium is the Latin idiom for hair. So, when these words are combined, clinically speaking, the eyelashes spread out in an atypical direction. The cilia usually emerge from the underside of the upper or lower eyelid, directly pointing toward the eye.

It would be hard for infected creatures to blink as the stiffened hairs can rub against the oculars. This can induce intense discomfort, gradually leading to corneal ulcers. Suppose you observe your pet relentlessly rubbing their eyes accompanied by constant tearing. In this case, immediately bring them to the closest animergevets physician for an extensive checkup.


Glaucoma is regarded as one of the most threatening eye conditions among pets. In fact, it is recognized by the veterinary field as an ophthalmic emergency situation. This complication is significant for its potential to intensify the pressure within the oculars, causing irreversible impairment around the optic nerve.

When the fluid situated inside the posterior chamber of the eye raises yet cannot be sufficiently drained out, pressure builds up around it. This leads to escalated pain and discomfort coinciding with a throbbing headache. If your pet suddenly presents these manifestations, immediately visit an emergency vet Raritan.